Campaign on CoP-17

Dhaka, 17th December 2011. Today in press conference jointly organized by civil society climate networks Bangladesh Poribesh Andoloan (BAPA), Bangladesh Indigenous People Network on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNET), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) and Network on Climate Change Bangladesh (NCCB), in a post Durban press conference, mentioned the outcome of conference of parties (CoP) 17 or Durban conference, the “Durban Platform (DP)” as near debacle and they blame developed and emerging countries for this, especially USA, India and China. The press conference was moderated by Golam Rabbani of CCDF, written statement read out by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, question and answer was responded by Dr. Ahasan Uddin of CSRL and CGC, other speakers are Mizanur Rahman Bjioy of NCCB, Pragoti Chakma of BIPNet and Jahangir Hossain Masum of Coastal Development Partnership (CDP). The group gives descriptions of their two seminars on climate migrants and two press conferences organized in Durban along in alliance other six international networks.

In the written statement the group mentioned that in fact DP is a near dead of Kyoto Protocol (KP) and Bali Action Plan, and victory of developed country as the term “historical responsibility” and “common but differentiated responsibility (CBDR)” has been eliminated. In fact these have done due to blame game of developed and BASIC countries / emerging economics (i.e., Brazil, South Africa, India and China). Now the dialogue will continue up to 2015 and implementation will start from 2020. The group mentioned in next eight years delay will hastened mass killing due to climate change, which is now directly around 350 thousand per year, and in fact it will increase adaptation cost four times higher in future as temperature will raise 3.5 to 4 Celsius. They urged Bangladesh government delegation to reconsider the relation with G 77 and China group and to lead the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF). Currently Bangladesh is the chair of the CVF, which consist 48 most vulnerable countries of world in respect of climate impact. The group appreciated the leading role of Minister Dr. Hasan and Dr. QK Zaman but they have requested to take concern on objectives, size, criteria and outcome of the delegation in future. The group has also concern on media role, that there were very little back home news on alternatives and civil society activities of the process. They suggested government to go for plan B i.e., depending on own resources whatever it is available in respect of climate change action plan and a comprehensive assessment in respect of climate migrants issues.

Dr. Ahsan Uddin urged government to initiate dialogue with CVF, much before of next CoP 18 Qatar conference, he mentioned that Bangladesh country’s gain is depend upon an early and pre CoP lobbying. Mizanur Rahman Bijoy criticized the role of South Afirca as chair, in fact they act in favor of USA as like as army commando raid. Pragoti Chakma mentioned like past rights and concern of the indigenous people again neglected in the CoP process. Jahangir Hossain Masum mentioned that it is due to the unity of civil society this time gender issues in climate change has been high lighted.

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Durban, S. Africa –Decisions resulting from the UN COP17 climate summit in Durban constitute a crime against humanity, according to Climate Justice Now! a broad coalition of social movements and civil society. Here in South Africa, where the world was inspired by the liberation struggle of the country’s black majority, the richest nations have cynically created a new regime of climate apartheid

“Delaying real action until 2020 is a crime of global proportions,” said Nnimmo Bassey, Chair of Friends of the Earth International. “An increase in global temperatures of 4 degrees Celsius, permitted under this plan, is a death sentence for Africa, Small Island States, and the poor and vulnerable worldwide. This summit has amplified climate apartheid, whereby the richest 1% of the world have decided that it is
acceptable to sacrifice the 99%.”

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Durban, 8th December 2011. Today in a press conference in official premise of UNFCCC CoP 17 six Bangladeshi civil society networks in a press conference commented USA, India and China as climate axis of evil and urged LDC and SIDS country to break the G77 +China group and urged to emerge as separate negotiation group in UNFCCC and also in all other global negotiation process too.

The press conference was jointly organized by Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Indigenous People Network on Climate Change and Biodiversity (BIPNet), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) and Network on Climate Change in Bangladesh (NCCB). The press conference was introduced by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, moderated by Ziaul Hoque Mukta of CSRL, written statement of the group read out by Dr. Ahsan Uddin of CSRL, the statement was complemented by Raja Debasish Roy of BIPNet and vote of thanks and conclusion was given by Mizanur Rahman Bijoy of NCCB.

In the written statement the group reviewed the ongoing negotiation process and observed that, “China and India as the key players of BASIC group, in collaboration with Annex 1 lead USA, using the camouflage of G 77 and China, have kept the current negotiations at the False Bay of South Africa and traded off the well being of millions of people through out the developing world”. They also said “we denounce the act of Axis of Evil that has already committed increasing number of deaths and destructions to the most vulnerable countries.” They urged African Group, the SIDS and the LDCs to come out of the illusion, accept the reality, formally protest and dissolve the G 77 and China, and learn to negotiate on their own.

Ziaul Hoque Mukta mentioned, India and China did such a camouflage also in WTO negotiation process which in fact given the chance of advantage to the developed countries. Raja Debasish Roy said that government in LDCs are rather being hostages in such a horse trading, peoples in vulnerable countries can not be waited until CoP 18 to 20 for climate change resolution.

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Durban, 6th December 2011. On 5th December, Bangladesh Minister on Forest and Environment Dr. Hasan Mahmud has visited the photo exhibition stall run by six Bangladeshi civil society organizations (CSO) and six other international networks. The stall has been showing twenty six photos on climate change impacts in water and migration since 29th December in official UNFCCC, Conference of Parties (CoP 17) side events and exhibits place at ICC, Durban.

Six Bangladeshi networks are Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Indigenous People Network of Climate Change and Biodiversity (BIPNet), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD), and Network on Climate Change in Bangladesh (NCCB). Six other international networks are, Jubilee South-Argentina, Asia Pacific Movement for Debt and Development (APMDD)-Philippines, LDC Watch-Brussels, 350.Org-USA, South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE)-Nepal and Trust of Community and Education (TOCE)-South Africa.

There are twenty six photos being shown, taken by prominent photographer Din Mohammed Sibly with the assistance of Atikul Alam Polash. Most of the photos has been taken south west region especially from Sathkhira on how intrusion of saline water creating drinking water crisis, some photos from country’s south east region too, especially from the island of Kutubdia that how the island is being submerged due to sea water raise. Some photos are also taken from Dhaka city slum. All the photos substantiated by short case studies of fact and figures. Title of the stall was given “voices from the climate change ground zero”. The stall will continue up to 9th December, every day the stall opened from 8.30 am and continue till 8 pm in the evening. The photos has drawn attention of huge delegates who are participating in official CoP 17 process. These photos are intellectual rights free and also available in EquityBD has also organized same sort of photo exhibitions both in Cancun during CoP 16 and Copenhagen during CoP 15.

During Minister Hasan visit, Dr. Abdul Matin from BAPA; Golam Mortoza, Editor Shatahik; Kawsar Rahaman, Chief Reporter, Dainik Janakanta, Imam Hossain, Chief Executive, Nawzowan, Chittagong and Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from EquityBD were also present there.

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Durban, 5th December 2011. Today at CoP 17 media briefing room Kosi Palm, six Bangladeshi civil society climate networks remarked that if the present CoP 17 process delayed in reaching a consensus, then it will be mass killing, as there will be temperature raise will continue and extreme events will be continued to be happened. Six Bangladeshi civil society climate networks are Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon (BAPA), Bangladesh Indigenous People’s Network on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) and Network on Climate Change Bangladesh (NCCB). The press conference was moderated by Ziaul Hoque Mukta of CSRL, written statement was read out by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, question and answer responded by Dr. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed of CSRL and Mizanur Rahman Bijoy of NCCB, finally conclusion remark and vote of thanks was given by Dr. Abdul Matin of BAPA.

The statement said that “ the global leadership have threatened to withdraw from the only legally binding instrument available…also taken tactic to delay the process…negotiated regime should ensure a wider, deeper cut in emission, especially by the Annex 1 countries, must be agreed with immediate effect. The science demands that the global peaking of emissions must not be extended beyond 2015, and the overall emission should be reduced at least 45 % below 1990 levels by 2020, with a subsequent aim of reducing emissions above 85 % below 1990 levels by 2050.”

Ziaul Hoque Mukta of CSRL mentioned if there will be delayed then there will be mass deprivation on people especially on poor people of climate vulnerable countries like Bangladesh due to climate catastrophes, then whatever the size climate financing for adaptation that will be meaning less. Dr. Ahsan Uddin of CSRL mentioned that delay in outcome and threats of withdrawal by some developed countries like as climate terrorism toward the poor people of the earth. Mizanur Rahaman Bijoy of NCCB mentioned that pulling out from legally binding agreement means genocide to the people of Bangladesh, people has no time to delayed. Dr. Matin from BAPA in conclusion said that, people should not go home back from Durban with demoralization.

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3rd December 2011, Durban. Today in a seminar organized in Durban UNFCCC CoP 17 side event place by six Bangladeshi and another six international civil society networks in a seminar demands a new United Nation protocol for climate induced migrants. The networks are BAPA, BIPNet, CCDF, CSRL, EquityBD, NCCB, Jubilee South, APMDD, LDC Watch, SAAPE, 350 org, and TCOE. The seminar was introduced by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, moderated by Dr Ahsan Uddin of CSRL, Dr. Quazi Kholliquzzaman of Bangladesh government delegation has participated as Chief Guest, and members of the panelists were, Juan Carlos Soriano of 350 Org, Janet Redmen of Institute of Policy Studies, USA, Elena Girebizza of CRBM, Itally. Golam Rabbani of CCDF has given the key note presentation. Dr. Abdul Matin of BAPA has concluded the seminar and given vote of thanks.

Apart from designated panelist, among the participants Michelle Yonetani from IDMC and NRC, Laurie Goering from Reuters, Jespreet Kindra from UNIRIN, Helene Connor from Helio International, Ziual Haque Mukta from Oxfam, Kamal Ahmed from UNDP, and Mizanur Rahaman Bijoy from NCCB also spoke on the occasion.

Golam Rabbani, has given reference of different global studies is that there will be one in each forty-five in the world will be climate induced migrants, he proposed policy actions in this regard either they could be categorized as universal natural person and need of new UN protocol. Janet Redmen and Elena Gijaberra mentioned that if there will be climate financing under international financial institutions and if there will be inclusion of private financing and corporations then there will be more displacement as those agencies has biasness for larger infrastructure projects. Juan Carlos has narrated his personal story that how he has been displaced from his own home town of Peru, due to the climate change impacts. Dr.Quazi Khollikuzzaman mentioned that all though Bangladesh has achieved to include a para on climate induced migrants in Cancun agreement, but total negotiation process, promises and practices of developed countries is not encouraging. He also mentioned there are hardly any global leaders who can come up with bold decision, he feels that every single dollars being spend in Durban seems wastage of money.

In conclusion Dr Ahsan Uddin plea to Annex 1 i.e. developed countries to take responsibility of these entire climate induced migrants and Dr. Matin of BAPA mentioned that in view of 1948 UN declaration of human rights these people must have their right to life and livelihood. Organizers informed that same seminar will also be happened on 7th December in University of Kawanzulu Natal.

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1st December 2011. Today different rights group’s civil society organizations organized a demonstration in a nearby junction of Durban International Conference Center where UNFCCC Conference of Parties 17 (CoP 17) is being happening. The rights group, demanded World Bank out of climate finance, they also oppose private and corporate involvement in the Green Climate Fund. The groups involved Friends of Earth (FOE), Jubilee South Asia Pacific Debt and Development (JASPMDD), World Development Movement (WDM), Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA), and a delegation from Bangladeshi BAPA, CSRL, EquityBD and NCCB.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from Bangladesh in the rally condemns World Bank greedy ness and eagerness to involvement in Green Climate Fund and Multi Donor Trust Fund in Bangladesh. Lidy Nacpil form JSAPMDD demanded that all the climate finance should come as climate debt reparation from developed countries and it should go through the UN process. Karen Orenstein from FoE said that all the funding in GCF should be from public funding of developed countries and it must additional to already committed 0.7 % of GNP. Kristy Right from WDM mentioned that there should not be any private funding as a part of GCF, as all the private funding always look for profit. Mithika Miwanda from PACJA mentioned that corporate greed of the private companies and international financial institutions in fact is the major cause of climate catastrophes so it should not be repeated in the GCF.

It should be noted that a number of activists from Bangladesh under a alliance of BAPA, CCDF, BIPNet, CSRL, EquityBD and NCCB are participating both in official UNFCCC process as NGO observers and also participating in the outside events especially in the civil society or people space as organized in the University of Kawanzulu Natal.

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Dhaka, 16th November 2011. Today in a seminar title “ CoP 17 Durban : Role of Bangladesh In View of People Interest” speakers urged Bangladesh delegation to lead Climate Vulnerable Countries as a separate negotiation group, freeing themselves from the interest of high emitter developing countries like India, China, Brazil, South Africa and Mexico in fact who are dominating G 77 plus China group. Conference of Parties (CoP) 17 of UNFCCC will be held in Durban during the period of 28th November to 10th December 2011. The seminar has been organized by five climate alliances, namely Bangladesh Proibesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Indigenous People Network on Climate Change and Biodiversity (BIPNetCCBD), Climate Change and Development Forum (CCDF), Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) and Network on Climate Change Bangladesh (NCCB). The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury EquityBD, welcome addressed given by Mizanur Rahman Bijoy of NCCB, key note presentation was given by Sayed Aminul Haque of EquityBD, other major speakers of the seminar was Lt General (Retd) Mahbubur Rahman and Shamsuzzaman Dudu of BNP, Sohrab Ali Sana MP and Member of Parliamentary Standing Committee, Dr. Abdul Matin of BAPA, Golam Rabbani of CCDF, and Progoti Chakma and Mrinal Kanti Tripura of BIPNetCCBD, Tahmina Ali from Article 19, Mohammed Masum of Coastal Development Partnership, Hasan Mehedi of HumanityWatch and Prodip K Roy of On Line Knowledge Society.

In key note paper and also speakers urged for government strong position on following points in negotiation, (i) Leading to establish the Climate Vulnerable Countries (CVF) as separate negotiation group in view of Dhaka Declaration of CVF forum, (ii) demanding allocation of more than 50 % allocation in Green Climate Fund (GCF) for adaptation, while developed countries pressing higher allocation for mitigation, mitigation should be the priority in developed counties (iii) demanding predictable climate financing, and firm commitment for the period of 2012 to 2020 from developed countries, (iv) Saying no to debt burden and double counting in climate financing, (v) all climate financing must be from public finance and must be out of control from international financial institution like World Bank and Asian Development Bank, (vi) demanding 2nd commitment period of Kyoto Protocol or any sort of legal binding agreement, (vii) demanding limit of global temperature of 1.5 point Celsius by 2015, which should be the pick of global temperature raise, delegation should oppose developed country demand of 2 point Celsius raise, which is against scientific prediction. (viii) delegation should also demand no implication of intellectual property right regime in respect of technology transfer for least developed countries, (ix) demand of concrete UN protocol for Climate induced migrants in view of the CVF declaration, (x) government must raise voice to get compensation in using the clause of loss and damage and (xi) there should be a UN Adaptation Center in Bangladesh.

Speakers also urged that there should be a government initiative on comprehensive need assessment and study to strengthen demand and recognition in respect of climate migrant issue, it is also urged that government has to set good examples and images in country or home in respect of climate finance if she want good attention from abroad in this regard.

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