This policy paper has been written to support a global campaign to realize the rights of climate change induced forced migrants, who are incorrectly termed as ‘climate refugees’ or ‘environmentally displaced persons,. Equity and Justice Working Group, Bangladesh (EquityBD) launched this campaign calling global leaders to develop a new legal instrument under a Protocol to the UNFCCC to ensure social, cultural and economic rehabilitation of the ‘climate change induced forced migrants’ through recognizing them as ‘Universal Natural Persons’. Please download [English and Bangla]
This paper has reviewed critically and analyzed the existing situation and economical impact in Bangladesh’s economy due to implantation of donor driven PRSP. We believe that we should have sovereign power to design of our own development policy in considering the reality of country’s problem and perspectives.
In fact, implementation of SAP (structural adjustment program) failed to reach its goal of poverty reduction and created unemployment and economic disparity among the people of different social classes in many Asian and African poor countries, which made IMF bound to rethink on it. Thus, in 2000, International Monetary Fund and World Bank (IMF & WB) came forward with a new development prescription ‘the theory of continued economic growth’ for the poor & developing countries.
Supporting to this theory the WB Group argued that, achieving of continued economic growth is most effectual in poverty reduction for a country rather than adopting integrated development strategies.
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This policy discussion paper has been written based on the key elements of UNFCCC Climate Change Conference held in Bali, Indonesia, December 2007. This policy discussion paper critically reviewed the Bali climate negotiation; intended to provide an insight to the readers, especially developing country’s policy makers, negotiators, on the recent dimension of mitigating climate change impacts. This discussion paper tries to cancel out the concept of ‘climate commercialization’ on which Bali Climate talks eventually rounds, and justifies the urgency of the eduction of green house gases emissions that should be reflected in the post Kyoto global policy regime on climate change. It is expected that this policy iscussion paper will be a useful document for the developing country policy makers, environmental NGOs, CSOs in formulation policies and positions on sustainable development in the context of the climate change negotiation.
The Equity and Justice Working Group sincerely acknowledges the all-out assistance from the Jubilee South- Asia Pacific Movementt on Debt and Development (APMD) that sponsored our participation in the Bali Climate Conference. Equity and Justice Working Group encourages reproduction of all or part of this publication for educational and other non-commercial purposes with simple acknowledgement of the copy write holder.
Drowning with Debt or Development
Building People’s Agenda on ODA Accountability: Bangladesh PerspectiveThis paper critically analyses the fact of increasing the number of LDCs
(Least Developed Countries) amidst the World Trade Organization’s effort of
trade balance and, also analyses the fact of decreasing ODA (official
development assistance). Considering various economic criteria, ODA
trend, MDG progress and country’s socio-political scenario, this paper
justifies that Bangladesh has the right to have more ODA. Indebtness of
Bangladesh to foreign loan is growing, presently around $151 or taka
10,419 per person. Total debt service liability has already crossed country’s
annual national health budget, in contrary ODA has declined around 37
percent from 1999 level.
Bangladesh’s progress of achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG)
is promising although the conditionalities of neo liberal regimes (the
conditionalities of international financial institutions -IFIs like the World Bank
(WB) , International Monitory Fund (IMF) and Asian Development Bank(ADB) perpetuating the pauperization. On the other hand, Bangladesh does not qualify to be eligible for debt cancellation as the IFIs (International Finanical Institution) sets the eligible criteria on the basis of country’s debt
vs export ratio. Mr. Kofi Anan, the ex Secretary General of the United Nations and especially Mr. Jaffrey Sachs, special advisor to the present UN Secretary General criticizes this debt vs. export ratio; they mentioned it should be linked to MDG achievement and by 2015 the LDCs should not
fall in new debt overhang. Kofi Annan, in his report during UN + 5 millennium summit, argued for debt cancellation and grant based support, even for the middle income countries.
Please download the position paper file [English]
Download the document [Build a Climate Resilient South Asia] as pdf
Pharmaceutical TRIPS waiver must be extended for LDC
WTO is going to introduce the pharmaceutical patent protection under Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement in January 2016. It means the pledged special waiver on TRIPS for LDC (Least Developed Countries), including Bangladesh, expires by 31st December 2015.
TRIPS is a binding agreement for all WTO members and it aims to establish a strong minimum standards for intellectual property rights (IPR) including patent protection for pharmaceuticals. Developing
and Least Developed Countries have been expressing their concern on this strong patent protection as it will not only be harmful for the development of their pharmaceutical industries, it will also under-mine the entire public health service to be affordable to poor.
Taking the concern into account, the WTO Ministerial Conference, in Doha on 14 November 2001 further extended the transitional period for LDC to introduce pharmaceutical patent protection until January 2016.
Download the document [ EquityBD Briefing Paper_TRIPS Waiver] as pdf