Resource center

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booklet-Climate_Change_InduThis policy paper has been written to support a global campaign to realize the rights of climate change induced forced migrants, who are incorrectly termed as ‘climate refugees’ or ‘environmentally displaced persons,. Equity and Justice Working Group, Bangladesh (EquityBD) launched this campaign calling global leaders to develop a new legal instrument under a Protocol to the UNFCCC to ensure social, cultural and economic rehabilitation of the ‘climate change induced forced migrants’ through recognizing them as ‘Universal Natural Persons’. Please download [English and Bangla]

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booklet-Our_Planning_Our_SovereigntyThis paper has reviewed critically and analyzed the existing situation and economical impact in Bangladesh’s economy due to implantation of donor driven PRSP. We believe that we should have sovereign power to design of our own development policy in considering the reality of country’s problem and perspectives.
In fact, implementation of SAP (structural adjustment program) failed to reach its goal of poverty reduction and created unemployment and economic disparity among the people of different social classes in many Asian and African poor countries, which made IMF bound to rethink on it. Thus, in 2000, International Monetary Fund and World Bank (IMF & WB) came forward with a new development prescription ‘the theory of continued economic growth’ for the poor & developing countries.
Supporting to this theory the WB Group argued that, achieving of continued economic growth is most effectual in poverty reduction for a country rather than adopting integrated development strategies.

Please download the publication [Download ]

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booklet-Political_Economy_oThis policy discussion paper has been written based on the key elements of UNFCCC Climate Change Conference held in Bali, Indonesia, December 2007. This policy discussion paper critically reviewed the Bali climate negotiation; intended to provide an insight to the readers, especially developing country’s policy makers, negotiators, on the recent dimension of mitigating climate change impacts. This discussion paper tries to cancel out the concept of ‘climate commercialization’ on which Bali Climate talks eventually rounds, and justifies the urgency of the eduction of green house gases emissions that should be reflected in the post Kyoto global policy regime on climate change. It is expected that this policy iscussion paper will be a useful document for the developing country policy makers, environmental NGOs, CSOs in formulation policies and positions on sustainable development in the context of the climate change negotiation.

The Equity and Justice Working Group sincerely acknowledges the all-out assistance from the Jubilee South- Asia Pacific Movementt on Debt and Development (APMD) that sponsored our participation in the Bali Climate Conference. Equity and Justice Working Group encourages reproduction of all or part of this publication for educational and other non-commercial purposes with simple acknowledgement of the copy write holder.

Download this publication as (English as pdf ) , ( Bangla as pdf).

Drowning with Debt or Development

Building People’s Agenda on ODA Accountability: Bangladesh PerspectiveThis paper critically analyses the fact of increasing the number of LDCs
(Least Developed Countries) amidst the World Trade Organization’s effort of
trade balance and, also analyses the fact of decreasing ODA (official
development assistance). Considering various economic criteria, ODA
trend, MDG progress and country’s socio-political scenario, this paper
justifies that Bangladesh has the right to have more ODA. Indebtness of
Bangladesh to foreign loan is growing, presently around $151 or taka
10,419 per person. Total debt service liability has already crossed country’s
annual national health budget, in contrary ODA has declined around 37
percent from 1999 level.
Bangladesh’s progress of achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG)
is promising although the conditionalities of neo liberal regimes (the
conditionalities of international financial institutions -IFIs like the World Bank
(WB) , International Monitory Fund (IMF) and Asian Development Bank(ADB) perpetuating the pauperization. On the other hand, Bangladesh does not qualify to be eligible for debt cancellation as the IFIs (International Finanical Institution) sets the eligible criteria on the basis of country’s debt
vs export ratio. Mr. Kofi Anan, the ex Secretary General of the United Nations and especially Mr. Jaffrey Sachs, special advisor to the present UN Secretary General criticizes this debt vs. export ratio; they mentioned it should be linked to MDG achievement and by 2015 the LDCs should not
fall in new debt overhang. Kofi Annan, in his report during UN + 5 millennium summit, argued for debt cancellation and grant based support, even for the middle income countries.

Please download the position paper file [English]

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brief-Understanding-Tax-JusThe sustainability of any modern economy requires the state to have sufficient revenue for funding the physical and social infrastructure essential to economic welfare, and also to enable a degree of wealth distribution between rich and poor in order to promote equity and security. The main
components of the Tax Justice comprise both the duty of the taxpayers and the duty of the state.
For the taxpayers, tax justice means that they accept their duties to the states in which they reside (as a citizen or for the business purpose) to fairly declare all of their income and to pay the taxes they owe as defined by the law of that country.
For state, it has to create a system of taxation that requires each person (whether a real person or a corporate entity or trust) to pay tax according to their means like i) imposes no undue cost on them to comply with that law, ii) provides them with reasonable certainty as to what is due, iii)
provides a system of access to information and arbitration when the law is not clear, iv) State expenses are budgeted and accounted for through democratic and transparent processes, v) imposes a duty to ensure that taxes are applied fairly.Download the document [Understanding Tax Justice] as pdf

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brief-SAARC-Food-and-Seed-BClimate Change and vulnerability in South Asia Flooding, food shortages, and being impoverishment of
our people gradually are common incidents of devastating impacts in South Asia, those have experienced due to advancing of climate change impact, The latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report said that the effect of GHG emission growth will be felt worldwide, but that will be especially intense in South Asia; countries as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The report’s assessment also said that the climate change effects we are already seeing but rank Asia as the biggest victim of natural disasters last years, accounting for nearly 30 percent of the global economic loss attributed to natural disasters
Download the document [SAARC Seed Bank_Food Bank] as pdf

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A Brief review of SAARC Declaration on Climate Change, Dhaka (2008) and Thimphu (2010)
Built a climate resilient South Asia
SAARC charter on Free Movement of Climate Migrant

brief-SAARC-charter-on-FreeClimate Change and vulnerability in South Asia Flooding, food shortages, and being impoverishment of our people gradually are common incidents of devastating impacts in South Asia, those have experienced due
to advancing of climate change impact, The latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report
said that the effect of GHG emission growth will be felt worldwide, but that will be especially intense in South Asia; countries as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The report’s assessment also said that the climate change effects we are already seeing but rank Asia as the biggest victim of natural disasters last years, accounting for nearly 30 percent of the global economic loss attributed to natural disasters

Download the document [Build a Climate Resilient South Asia] as pdf

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Pharmaceutical TRIPS waiver must be extended for LDC
brief-TRIPS-Waiver-for-LDC-WTO is going to introduce the pharmaceutical patent protection under Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)  agreement in January 2016. It means the pledged special waiver on TRIPS for LDC (Least Developed Countries), including Bangladesh,  expires by 31st December 2015.

TRIPS is a binding agreement for all WTO members and it aims to  establish a strong minimum standards for intellectual property rights (IPR) including patent protection for pharmaceuticals. Developing
and Least Developed Countries have been expressing their concern  on this strong patent protection as it will not only be harmful for the  development of their pharmaceutical industries, it will also under-mine the entire public health service to be affordable to poor.

Taking the concern into account, the WTO Ministerial Conference, in Doha on 14 November 2001 further extended the transitional  period for LDC to introduce pharmaceutical patent protection until January 2016.

 

Download the document [ EquityBD Briefing Paper_TRIPS Waiver] as pdf

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brief-VAT-is-Regressive-to-Value Added Tax (VAT) is an indirect tax on the consumption of goods and services. It is imposed on a product or service whenever value is added at a stage of production and at final sale. The amount of VAT that the user pays is the cost of the product, less any of the costs of materials used in the product that have already been taxed. So, the burden of VAT falls almost entirely on the ultimate consumers
In developing countries about two-thirds of the tax revenue comes from indirect taxes, mostly from VAT and others are from sales tax, excises and taxes on trade. The remaining one-third consists largely of corporate income tax. Tax revenue structure in Bangladesh can be divided into direct and indirect taxes. A direct tax is paid by a person to the revenue authority. Direct tax is borne by the tax payer and cannot be passed on to any person, whereas indirect tax is passed on by the tax payer so that the burden of the tax is ultimately borne by another. For example, Value Added Tax (VAT) which is passed on to the customers i.e. general people
Download the document [ VAT is regressive to poor ] as pdf

Latest Campaign

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Dhaka, 19 March 2019. Today a group of 18 Rights Based Civil Society Networks have demanded the tax money to invest for establishing women's...